Romans 1:4 NASB
“who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,”
This passage gives us a clear description of who Jesus was. His status and nature weren’t contrived by zealous followers or by historians misconstruing words. Paul lays out once again, the foundation for this letter, which is the person of Jesus and His standing with God the Father. He is declared the Son of God, not through adoption or by allegory. He is proved to be divine and a part of the Trinity by power, through the demonstration of His resurrection enabled by God in accordance of the Holy Spirit. The term “Spirit of holiness” was a Jewish term synonymous with what we today say “Holy Spirit” or “Spirit of God” which is a part of the Trinity. We do not hold to the view that the Holy Spirit enabled the resurrection of Jesus because this is attributed to the work of the Father (1 Peter 1:3). The reason for the mention of the Holy Spirit’s agreement to the resurrection of Jesus is to show the complete working of the Trinity towards the Gospel. Jesus’ sacrifice of dying on the cross, the Father enabling Jesus to resurrect from the dead which shows Him to be the Son, and all of this happening according to the Holy Spirit’s agreeance.
The resurrection is the proof in the pudding. So many people had doubted Jesus’ Messianic role despite the healing’s, miracles, authority and fulfillment of Biblical prophecy. Hardened hearts saw the impossible become possible and they still were unbelieving. The resurrection was Jesus’ final act on earth to show who He really was. It is because of the resurrection and only because of it that we can have faith in Jesus and have a hope for an afterlife. Without the resurrection there is no hope. Without Jesus coming back to life, He would just be another false prophet. It is because of the resurrection that all His claims of heaven and hell are true. We trust in His resurrection not only that it was real and not metaphorical, but that it was sufficient to save us from our sin. This simple, short verse, is our hope. It is the hope that Jesus is who He claimed to be, the Son of God.